Las Vegas Steam Cleaning
Las Vegas Steam Cleaning
Las Vegas Steam Cleaning
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Principles of carpet cleaning

Don't be misled by claims that steam cleaning will leave your carpet wet for 1-2 days! If your steam cleaner leaves carpet that wet, you need to get on the telephone and demand that they correct their over-wetting. No reputable steam cleaner would leave carpet that wet! A1 SteamCleaningLasVegas.com is proud to say that we have never over-wet a carpet. You can walk on your steam cleaned carpet with bare feet or white socks before we leave your home. Your carpet will be completely dry in 2-4 hours, or sooner, if you open some windows and run a fan to foster the circulation of dry air.

According to the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC), the cleaning and restoration industry guardians, these are the principles of carpet cleaning:

Dry Soil Removal - thorough vacuuming, using an upright vacuum with brush agitation and high-efficiency double-lined collection bag, or a final filter, to remove up to 99% of particles at 1 micron.

Soil Suspension - This involves the applicaiton of properly specified, formulated and mixed preconditioning agents designed to separate soil from fibers. There are four fundamentals involved in soil suspension: application of preconditioning chemicals; using heat or temperature to speed chemical reactions; agitation for proper chemical distribution; and providing dwell time so that chemical reactions can be completed before soil extraction is attempted. The acronym "CHAT" (Chemicals, Heat, Agitation, Time) makes the fundamentals of soil suspension easy to remember.

Soil Extraction - Any method of cleaning must physically remove soils if it is to be successful. Soil removal takes place with absorption, wet vacuuming, rinsing and even dry vacuuming. The most effective method of soil removal among professionals is hot water extraction.

Grooming, as needed - Grooming has little to do with physical soil removal but it is necessary to eliminate pile distortion and matting, to properly distribute additives such as carpet protectants, and to create an even appearance of the carpet.

Drying - Drying time for carpet should never exceed 24 hours, and it is highly recommended that complete drying occur within 6-8 hours of cleaning. A1 SteamCleaningLasVegas.com takes great pains to adequately extract moisture and cleaning solutions from the carpet after every job. Customer cooperation is also needed to expedite drying time, however. With normal temperatures and the use of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning system, or simply the use of fans and open windows, properly cleaned and extracted carpet will dry in much less than 6-8 hours.

Recommended Frequency of Professional Carpet Cleaning

Heavily used carpet should be professionally cleaned by a qualified technician at least annually. Following is a guideline for recommended cleaning frequency for carpet. Considered factors are traffic, soil rating, vacuuming schedules, spot cleaning schedules and professional and restorative cleaning.

Carpet subject to light soil should be vacuumed once per week. Spot cleaning should be undertaken daily or as soon as spots are noticed. Professional cleaning should be done at least in the traffic areas, every 12-18 months, and professional restorative cleaning should be performed every 2 years or as indicated in the manufacturer warranty.

Carpet subject to normal soil (families with children or elderly) should be vacuumed 2-4 times per week. Spot cleaning should be undertaken daily or as soon as spots are noticed. Professional cleaning should be done at least in the traffic areas, every 6-12 months, and professional restorative cleaning should be performed every year.

Carpet subject to heavy soil (families with pets, smoking) should be vacuumed 2-4 times per week. Spot cleaning should be undertaken daily or as soon as spots are noticed. Professional cleaning should be done at least in the traffic areas, every 3-6 months, and professional restorative cleaning should be performed twice per year.

Carpet subject to extreme conditions (large families, multiple pets) should be vacuumed daily. Spot cleaning should be undertaken daily or as soon as spots are noticed. Professional cleaning should be done at least in the traffic areas, every 2-3 months, and professional restorative cleaning should be performed four times per year.

Steam Cleaning vs. Other Methods

METHODS OF A1 Carpet Cleaning Process

The six carpet cleanin methods are:

  • Hot water extraction (steam cleaning)
  • Rotary DriMaster
  • Bonnet (dry cleaning)
  • Dry powder
  • Shampooing
  • Dry foam

HOT WATER EXTRACTION METHOD

Hot water extraction is sometimes referred to as "steam cleaning". Actually, this is a misapplied term, as real steam is too dry and too hot to clean carpet properly. In this method, a hot cleaning solution is sprayed under pressure onto the carpet and is immediately extracted with a vacuum source. The dirty solution is collected in a recovery tank and is usually poured into the sanitary waste system. The advantage of this process is that it has the ability to flush out large amounts of soil and contaminants in carpet. It is the most preferred method by all of the major fiber producers such as DuPont, Monsanto and Allied Signal, as well as the carpet manufacturers like Shaw, Mohawk, World and Queen – makers of more than 2/3 of the world’s carpet. Because this method removes more contaminants than the other carpet cleaning methods, hot water extraction is favored by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is the preferred method of the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC).   Most higher quality carpets that have extended appearance and texture retention warranties require this type of cleaning every 12-18 months in order to retain the warranty coverage.

ROTARY DRIMASTER METHOD

DriMaster's patented process replaces the ordinary steam cleaning spray jet with a dynamic, high-flow, high-recovery cleaning head. The cleaning solution is applied as a "sheet" rather than a jet spray, allowing controlled penetration of the carpet fiber without wetting the carpet backing. This new technology cleans faster, better and leaves the carpet 6 times drier than the same carpet cleaned with standard hot water extraction. On a typical 1,200 square foot home, the DriMaster will leave about 1/6th of the water left by the standard hot water extraction method. The low profile cleaning head fits beneath furniture and beds, where other tools can't reach. The durable polycarbonate cover makes "soft" contact with walls and furniture, preventing scratches and marks. Soft-bumpered cleaning heads can pass right over heat registers, drapery cords or electric cords without damage or tangling. This method maximizes the heat and vacuum performance of the truck-mounted cleaning system - it is revolutionary!

BONNET (Dry Cleaning)

In this type of cleaning, sometimes referred to as "dry cleaning", the cleaning product (sometimes mixed with carbonated water) is misted onto the carpet in the form of a spray. Next, a circular rotating buffer with an absorbent pad attached is run over the carpet. The soil attaches itself to the pad and the pad is changed for a clean one when it becomes soiled. This method has the advantage of drying very quickly because of the small amount of moisture used. It generally does a good job of cleaning the top 1/3 of the carpet pile that is visible to the eye. But it does little to remove the heavier grit and sand that damages carpet over time. Because there is no flushing action or extraction, there is very little deep cleaning. This method may be considered as an interim cleaning between more effective deep cleanings.

DRY POWDER

With this method, a dry product (powder or ground corn cobs that have been soaked with a solvent chemical) is broadcast over the area to be cleaned. Then, either a circular brush or cylindrical rotatiing brush is used to force the dry cleaning product in contact with the soil. After the carpet dries, which is surprisingly fast, a thorough vacuuming is required to remove the product and loosened soil. This method has the fastest drying time of all carpet cleaning methods and has the advantage of being able to be walked upon almost immediately after cleaning. Similar to the bonnet method, dry powder cleaning does a fairly good job of cleaning the top 1/3 of the fiber that is visible, if it is not heavily soiled. Again, it does very little to remove the heavier soils in the base of the fibers. Its weakness is the extraction cycle. If not vacuumed with a powerful commercial vacuum, large amounts of the cleaning product can remain, and over time the product build-up can cause considerable problems.

SHAMPOOING

Shampooing is the use of a motorized circular brush in which foaming cleaning products are introduced to the surface of the carpet and are then scrubbed into the carpet. This method has very good agitation and is best suited for low pile commercial carpet or low cut pile carpet that is highly soiled. This method, unless it is used with some other type of carpet cleaning, has no extraction in the cleaning process but, rather, must rely upon the truck-mounted steam cleaning machine's ability to extract.

DRY FOAM

This method is very similar to shampooing in that it relies on the aggressiveness of the brushing action, which is usually counter-rotating cylindrical brushes. The difference is that the solution is whipped into a foam and applied right before the brushes instead of a liquid, as in shampooing. This does allow for faster drying times. Although some dry foam machines have a built-in vacuum, they still rely on the cleaning product drying to a flaky residue that the dirt adheres to and being sucked away by a vacuum cleaner. This method has the same principles as shampooing, and is not effective for deep cleaning.